Installing a R package on the clusters¶
To install a R package, you need to use the
command. By default, it will try to save the installed package in the
global library where a regular (non-root) user cannot write.
Using a local library¶
As R notes that it cannot write, it will ask whether you want to create a local library. Simply answer ‘y’ to that question to get started.
dfr@hmem00:~ $ R R version 2.13.1 (2011-07-08) Copyright (C) 2011 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing ISBN 3-900051-07-0 Platform: x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu (64-bit) [...]
.libPaths() command lists the places where R will search for
libraries, and use the first item of the list as target for new package
> .libPaths()  "/usr/lib64/R/library" "/usr/share/R/library"
Let’s install the
R tries to install it in the global library
Installing package(s) into ‘/usr/lib64/R/library’ (as ‘lib’ is unspecified) Warning in install.packages("dummy") : 'lib = "/usr/lib64/R/library"' is not writable
but quickly notes that it cannot write in the global place, and asks whether it should create a local library. Simply answer ‘y’.
Would you like to create a personal library '~/R/x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu-library/2.13' to install packages into? (y/n) y
and the installation process resumes as usual.
--- Please select a CRAN mirror for use in this session --- Loading Tcl/Tk interface ... done trying URL 'http://www.freestatistics.org/cran/src/contrib/dummy_0.1.3.tar.gz' Content type 'application/x-gzip' length 3710 bytes opened URL ================================================== downloaded 3710 bytes * installing *source* package ‘dummy’ ... ** R ** inst ** preparing package for lazy loading ** help *** installing help indices converting help for package ‘dummy’ finding HTML links ... done categories html dummy html dummyNews html ** building package indices ... ** testing if installed package can be loaded * DONE (dummy) The downloaded packages are in ‘/mnt/fhgfs/RtmpgDN1Y8/downloaded_packages’ > q() Save workspace image? [y/n/c]: n
After that, the new package is installed in the user’s home directory:
dfr@hmem00:~ $ ls R/x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu-library/2.13/dummy/ DESCRIPTION help html INDEX Meta NAMESPACE NEWS R
Note that R saves the configuration for future uses:
dfr@hmem00:~ $ R [...] > .libPaths()  "/home/users/d/f/dfr/R/x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu-library/2.13"  "/usr/lib64/R/library"  "/usr/share/R/library"
libPaths() command now lists the home directory as the first
item. Therefore, subsequently installed packages will be saved in the
> library(dummy) dummy 0.1.3 dummyNews() > install.packages('test') Installing package(s) into ‘/home/users/d/f/dfr/R/x86_64-redhat-linux-gnu-library/2.13’ (as ‘lib’ is unspecified) --- Please select a CRAN mirror for use in this session --- Loading Tcl/Tk interface ... done [...]
If the package you want to install has operating system-level dependencies (i.e. the package depends on core libraries), then you will need to ask the system administrator to install the package.
If you feel that the package you want to install is useful for many users, you can also ask a system administrator to install it globally.
Finally, note that packages depend on the R version you are using. Make sure to load the right module before you install a package!