Q02 How can I get my job to start early?¶
First, make sure you only request the resources you need. The more you
ask, the longer you will wait. Then, try and make your job flexible in
terms of resources. If your program is able to work through the network,
do not ask for all tasks on the same node. Use the Slurm options
cleverly. For instance, the
--nnodes option allows specifying a range of
number of nodes, e.g.
--nnodes=2-4, meaning that your job will start as
soon as at least two nodes are available, but if, by then, four nodes
are available, you will be allocated four nodes. Another example is
–time-min, which allows you to specify a minimum running time which you
are willing to set for your job if it makes it possible to start it
earlier (through backfilling). Note that you can get, at any moment, the
remaining time for your job in your script with the
squeue -h -j
$SLURM\_JOBID -o %L and that the
--signal option can be used to be
warned before the job is killed.
Of course, it is always easier to get a job running when there are few jobs waiting in the queue. Try to plan ahead your work and submit your jobs when people usually do not work on the cluster: holidays, exam periods, etc.
Q03 How do I cancel a job?¶
scancel jobid command with the jobid of the job you want
cancelled. In the case you want to cancel all your jobs, type
login. You can also cancel all your pending jobs for instance with
scancel -t PD.
Q04 How do I submit a job to a specific queue?¶
Slurm uses the term partition rather than queue. To submit a job to
a given partition, use the
--partition option of the
Queues can also appear under the form of qualities of service (QOS).
To use a particular QOS, use the
--qos option of the above-listed
To view all partitions on a cluster, use
sinfo, while qualities of
service can be listed with
sacctmgr list qos.
Q05 How do I create a parallel environment?¶
Slurm ignores the concept of parallel environment as such. Slurm simply
requires that the number of nodes, or number of cores be specified. But
you can have the control on how the cores are allocated; on a single
node, on several nodes, etc. using the
--ntasks-per-node options for instance.
With those options, there are several ways to get the same allocation.
For instance, the following :
--nodes=4 --ntasks=4 --cpus-per-task=4 is
equivalent in terms of resource allocation to
--ntasks-per-node=4. But each one will lead to environment variables being set,
and understood, differently by
mpirun: in the first case 4
processes are launched while in the second one 16 processes will be launched.
Suppose you need 16 cores, these are some possible scenarios:
- you use mpi and do not care about where those cores are distributed:
- you want to launch 16 independent processes (no communication):
- you want those cores to spread across distinct nodes:
- you want those cores to spread across distinct nodes and no
interference from other jobs:
--ntasks=16 --nodes=16 --exclusive
- you want 16 processes to spread across 8 nodes to have two processes
- you want 16 processes to stay on the same node:
- you want one process that can use 16 cores for multithreading:
- you want 4 processes that can use 4 cores each for
Q06 How do I choose a node with certain features (e.g. CPU, GPU, etc.) ?¶
Slurm associates to each node a set of Features and a set of Generic resources. Features are immutable characteristics of the node (e.g. network connection type) while generic resources are consumable resources, meaning that as users reserve them, they become unavailable for the others (e.g. compute accelerators).
Features are requested with
--constraint="feature1|feature2". The former requests both, while the
latter, as one would expect, requests at least one of feature1 or
feature2. More complex expressions can be constructed. Type
sbatch for details.
Generic resources are requested with
--gres="resource:2" to request 2
Generic resources and features can be listed with the command
scontrol show nodes.
Q07 How do I get the list of features and resources of each node ?¶
sinfo gives such information. You need to run it with
specific output parameters though:
sinfo -o "%15N %10c %10m %25f %10G"
It will output something like:
ceciuser@cecicluster:~ $ sinfo -o "%15N %10c %10m %25f %10G" NODELIST CPUS MEMORY FEATURES GRES mback[01-02] 8 31860+ Opteron,875,InfiniBand (null) mback[03-04] 4 31482+ Opteron,852,InfiniBand (null) mback05 8 64559 Opteron,2356 (null) mback06 16 64052 Opteron,885 (null) mback07 8 24150 Xeon,X5550 TeslaC1060 mback[08-19] 8 24151 Xeon,L5520,InfiniBand (null) mback[20-32,34] 8 16077 Xeon,L5420 (null)
In the above screen capture, we see that some compute nodes have Infiniband connections, some have Intel processors, while others have AMD processors. The node mback07 furthermore has one GPU, which is a generic resource in the sense that once requested by a job, it becomes unavailable for the others.
Q08 Is OpenMP ‘slurm-aware’ ?¶
No, you need to set
export OMP_NUM_THREADS=... in your submission
For instance, if you requested several cores with the
--cpus-per-task option, you
Q09 Is MPI ‘slurm-aware’ ?¶
Yes, you do not need to specify the -np nor the -host, or hostfile options to mpirun or mpiexec. Simply go with
assuming you requested several cores with
Do not forget to set the environment correctly with something like
module load openmpi/gcc if necessary.
Q10 How do I know how much memory my job is using/has used ?¶
If your job is still running, you can have memory information with
sstat. If your job is done, the information is provided by
--format option so you can run, for instance:
sacct --format JobID,jobname,NTasks,nodelist,MaxRSS,MaxVMSize,AveRSS,AveVMSize
See the manpages for both utilities:
man sstat man sacct
Q11 How do I use the local scratch space ?¶
Slurm offers the
sbcast command that propagates a file to the local file
systems of the nodes that were allocated to the job. However, sbcast
works one file at a time. It is therefore unsuited for copying entire
One neat way to deal with several files is to use the
srun cp construction.
For instance, in the script below:
#!/bin/bash #SBATCH --nodes=2 #SBATCH --output=output.txt SCRATCH=$LOCALSCRATCH/$SLURM_JOB_ID echo Creating temp dir $SCRATCH srun mkdir -p $SCRATCH || exit $? echo Copying files. srun cp is equivalent to loop over each node + scp srun cp -r $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR/* $SCRATCH || exit $?
a temporary SCRATCH directory is created with the jobid. Afterwards, the data is copied from the home to the local scratch (assuming the home directory is mounted on each compute node).
The environment variables used in the script provided by Slurm are:
- SLURM_JOB_ID: jobid
- SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR: the directory you were when you launched the script with
The variable $LOCALSCRATCH is provided by the CECI environment (see Local scratch).
If each output file had a different name from the input ones, we could simply
srun cp from the
scratch to the home after the code run.
echo Copying back output files to home submit directory srun cp -r $SCRATCH/* $SLURM_SUBMIT_DIR/* || exit $?
At the end, make sure to clean the scratch space.
echo Removing $SCRATCH srun rm -rf $SCRATCH || exit $?
Q12 How do I get the node list in full rather than in compressed format ?¶
Slurm describes node lists with notations like node[05-07,09-17]. To get
the full list, use the
ceciuser@cecicluster:~ $ scontrol show hostname node[05-07,09-17] | paste -d, -s node05,node06,node07,node09,node10,node11,node12,node13,node14,node15,node16,node17
Q13 How do I know which slots exactly are assigned to my job ?¶
scontrol show -d job jobid gives very detailed
information about jobs.
Q14 How do I translate a script from another job scheduler into Slurm ?¶
Q15 When will my job start ?¶
A job starts either when it has the highest priority and the required resources are
available, or when it has an opportunity to backfill (See the document Slurm
priorities for details). The
squeue --start command
gives an estimation of the date and time a job is supposed to start but
beware that the estimation is based on the situation at a given time.
Slurm cannot anticipate higher-priority jobs being submitted after
yours, or machine downtimes which lead to fewer resources for the jobs,
or job crashes which can lead to large jobs starting earlier than
expected thus making smaller jobs scheduled for backfilling to lose that
Q16 How do I know to which partition I should submit my job so that it starts as early as possible?¶
Simply submit the job to all the partitions you are considering, by listing
them with the
The job will be submitted to the partition which offers the earliest allocation according to your job parameters and priority.
Q17 What are the queue settings and cpu resources available per user on each CÉCI cluster?¶
The default settings are summarized on the cluster description page. These settings are indicative only, and may change depending on the load on the clusters. To obtain current settings on a given queue, see Question 4.